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Guide To Achieve Cybersecurity Excellence with the SOC 2 Framework

The research report of Infosecurity states that a total of 108.9 million accounts were compromised in the third quarter of 2022 alone, up 70% from the previous quarter.  

Cyber threats are evolving, and the need for robust security measures has never been more pressing. An annual cost of $10.5 trillion is expected to be incurred by cybercrime by 2025, according to a report published by Cybersecurity Ventures. This staggering figure underscores the importance of implementing stringent security frameworks like the SOC 2 Framework.

But what exactly is SOC 2, and how can it ensure safety from cybersecurity and bring compliance to your business? Let’s dive into this comprehensive guide!

Understanding SOC 2 Framework

The American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) has developed SOC 2 (System and Organization Controls 2). The five key trust principles in this document are Security, Availability, Processing Integrity, Confidentiality, and Privacy. These principles provide a comprehensive approach to managing customer data and ensuring robust internal controls and processes. It is also known as SOC 2 Framework AICPA providing service providers assurance on cybersecurity controls.

Organizational importance of the SOC 2 framework with Statistics

The importance of the SOC 2 framework cannot be overstated. It is particularly crucial for organizations that handle customer data, such as cloud service providers and SaaS companies. According to a survey by PwC, 87% of consumers say they will take their business elsewhere if they don’t trust a company’s security practices. Additionally, a study by the Ponemon Institute found that companies with a robust security framework like SOC 2 experience 50% fewer data breaches. These statistics highlight the critical role SOC 2 plays in building trust and ensuring data security.

Benefits To Consider-

  • Security- A comprehensive and tested methodology for comparing an organization’s security procedures and controls to the highest industry standards is offered by the SOC 2 framework.
  • Trust- Because SOC 2 Certification sets a very high bar for quality, it is highly regarded in the industry. SOC 2 certification can boost an organization’s security and privacy practices’ credibility with regulators and other pertinent stakeholders.
  • Compliance- The biggest problems for firms are complicated rules that are always changing. Here, SOC 2 compliance comes to the rescue because it already complies with numerous regulations, including ISO 27001, HIPAA, the California Consumer Privacy Act, the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and many more.
  • Risk Management- Organizations can enhance their overall security posture by identifying and mitigating potential security and privacy threats with the use of the SOC 2 framework AICPA.
  • Ongoing Improvement- To stay up with regulations and industry standards, it pushes firms to continuously upgrade and improve their security and privacy procedures.

Is SOC 2 Framework A Good Fit For Small Organizations?

Many small organizations may wonder if the SOC 2 framework is suitable for them. The answer is a resounding yes. Implementing SOC 2 can help small businesses enhance their security posture, meet regulatory requirements, and build trust with clients. For instance, a small tech startup that handles sensitive client data can leverage SOC 2 to demonstrate its commitment to security and gain a competitive edge.

What Grounds Have Included In SOC 2 Compliance?

To comply with the SOC 2 framework, your company needs to achieve a series of compliance objectives, each of which is described by its unique controls.

Some of these include-

  • Security- The SOC 2 framework is based on the security principle, which mandates that companies put in place strong controls to guard their systems and data against unauthorized use, access, disclosure, change, and destruction. The security principle encompasses a broad range of security-related topics, including data encryption, network security, incident response, and access controls.
  • Access Controls- To guarantee that only authorized users can access systems and data to carry out necessary tasks, access controls are implemented. This includes setting up multi-factor authentication, role-based access controls, and regular password changes. Access controls can also be used to monitor, audit, and identify any security incidents by tracking user activities.
  • Network Security- Network security is one of the most important components of the SOC2 framework. Network segmentation, intrusion detection systems, and firewalls are now necessary tools for enterprises to prevent security breaches and safeguard their networks against attacks, illegal access, and data theft.
  • Data Encryption- According to research on global encryption trends, enterprise companies surveyed primarily cited client data as their top encryption priority. However, in 2021, only 42% of respondents said they secured client data using data encryption. To safeguard sensitive data from theft and illegal access, organizations would need to take extreme caution when encrypting information, both in transit and at rest. Using encryption methods like the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) to protect sensitive data is a good example of data encryption procedures.
  • Incident Feedback- Unexpected events have the power to destroy an institution. Millions of dollars can be saved by the company from any negative incident by having a plan in place to react quickly to security incidents and reduce any harm that may have occurred. It consists of:
  • Establishing a clear incident response strategy,
  • conducting regular mock exercises and testing,
  • having the appropriate equipment and procedures in place will help identify, and address security events and breaches.  
  • Availability- Organizations must ensure that their systems and data are accessible to authorized users at all times by the availability principle of the SOC 2 framework. Years of diligent labor by the business can be undone in our fast-paced environment by unavailability concerns such as service outages, data loss, and poor system performance. Plans for disaster recovery and business continuity can reduce the effects of disruptions and guarantee availability under all circumstances.
  • Recovery- Plans for disaster recovery are necessary to guarantee that data and systems will be accessible in the case of an accident or natural disaster. Identify the data and systems that must be recovered in the case of a disaster, practice disaster recovery regularly, and create a plan for their recovery.  
  • Continuity- Within the SOC 2 framework, business continuity entails finding backup data and system sources and creating protocols for using them in case of an outage.
  • Integrity- A fundamental tenet of the SOC 2 framework is processing integrity, which mandates that businesses make sure their systems appropriately handle and preserve data in compliance with the framework’s specified processing protocols. Controls ensure proper data processing and data integrity. Process integrity is achieved by putting data validation and reconciliation mechanisms into place as well as by regularly evaluating the quality of the data.  
  • Validation and Reconciliation- To verify the correctness of the data input into the systems, take into account:
  • Data validation guidelines,
  • carrying out quality assurance procedures,
  • reconciling data with external data sources, such as spreadsheets.
  • Confidentiality- Organizations must put policies and procedures in place, such as data access controls, data encryption, and data categorization policies, to ensure that private information is not revealed to unauthorized parties by the confidentiality principle of the SOC 2 framework AICPA.
  • Data Access Controls- The data access restrictions that safeguard the privacy of the data include:
  • putting in place data encryption,
  • multi-factor authentication,
  • role-based access controls.
  • Data Encryptions- To guarantee the security of the encrypted data following the SOC 2 framework AICPA, encryption techniques include putting encryption algorithms like Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) into effect and using secure key management procedures.
  • Privacy- Organizations must regularly do privacy impact assessments under the SOC 2 framework AICPA to find any potential threats or vulnerabilities.
  • Risk Assessments- Regular risk assessments, which safeguard the protection of personal data, are an essential component of the SOC 2 framework. To prevent any unanticipated occurrence, organizations must continuously evaluate the risks related to their privacy procedures and pinpoint areas for improvement.  

Why is SOC 2 relevant to data privacy and cybersecurity?

Data privacy and cybersecurity are at the heart of the SOC 2 framework. The five trust service principles ensure that all aspects of data security are covered:

  • Security: Protects against unauthorized access.
  • Availability: Ensures systems are operational and accessible.
  • Integrity of processing: Ensures that data is processed completely, accurately, and on time.
  • Confidentiality: Safeguards sensitive information.
  • Privacy: Protects personal data as per privacy policies.

By adhering to these principles, organizations can ensure comprehensive protection of customer data, thereby enhancing trust and compliance with global data privacy regulations.

What are the steps involved in demonstrating ongoing SOC 2 compliance?

Scoping: Defining the scope and objectives is the first step in getting ready for the SOC 2 framework assessment. SOC 2 audit reports evaluate several factors, including people, data, infrastructure, risk management procedures, and SOC tools. In each of these areas, you have to decide what and who should be the focus of the audit.

Selecting your scope also means determining which SOC 2 Type 1 and Type 2 reports to use. Choose Type 1 if you’re more interested in resource conservation and well-designed regulations.

Initial Audit: A readiness assessment can be thought of as a practical application of the SOC 2 framework audit. If you know how you can do it yourself, but if you want an unbiased opinion, hiring an auditor is usually the best choice.

After reviewing all of the systems, procedures, and controls and documenting all of the important processes, the CFA or auditor sends out a management letter outlining any flaws or weaknesses discovered along with suggestions.

Your initial SOC 2 readiness assessment will assist you in determining what needs to be improved upon and provide you with an overview of the audit as a whole.

Gap Analysis: Before the final audit, you should evaluate your current situation through a thorough gap analysis and address any concerns to bring it into conformity with SOC 2 requirements.

It may take several months to complete the gap analysis and correction. Among the tasks your gap analysis may indicate are the following:

  • Put controls in place
  • conducting staff interviews
  • Educating staff about controls
  • Produce and maintain control documents.
  • Adjust processes

You can even contract out your gap analysis to a different company that specializes in the SOC 2 audit procedure, just like you can with the readiness assessment. Although it could be pricey, it can save you time and offer you professional help.

Final Audit: Once the gaps between your organization’s current condition and SOC 2 compliance have been closed, you might want to think about doing a final readiness assessment to find any remaining risks and address them.

Once all issues in the trust services criteria have been addressed, choose to proceed with a formal SOC 2 assessment.  

How does Socurely help organizations become SOC 2 compliant?

Socurely offers a comprehensive suite of services to help organizations achieve and maintain SOC 2 compliance. Our approach includes:

  • Assessment: Conducting a thorough assessment to identify gaps and areas for improvement.
  • Implementation: Assisting with the implementation of necessary controls and processes.
  • Training: Providing training for staff to ensure they understand and adhere to SOC 2 requirements.
  • Audit Support: Preparing organizations for the SOC 2 audit and assisting with audit management.
  • Continuous Monitoring: Offering tools and services to continuously monitor and update controls, ensuring ongoing compliance.

With Socurely’s expert guidance, organizations can achieve SOC 2 compliance efficiently and effectively, building a robust security framework that instills confidence in their clients.


Q: What is the main difference between SOC 2 and SOC 1?

SOC 1 focuses on internal controls over financial reporting, while SOC 2 focuses on controls related to security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy.

Q: How long does it take to achieve SOC 2 compliance?

The timeline can vary depending on the organization’s size and complexity but typically ranges from six months to a year.

Q: Can SOC 2 compliance help with GDPR compliance?

Yes, SOC 2 compliance can complement GDPR compliance by ensuring robust data protection practices.


Achieving cybersecurity excellence is a continuous journey that requires diligence, commitment, and the right framework. The SOC 2 framework provides a comprehensive approach to safeguarding customer data and ensuring robust internal controls. By adhering to SOC 2 principles, organizations can enhance their security posture, build trust with clients, and stay ahead of evolving cyber threats. Whether you are a small business or a large enterprise, SOC 2 compliance is a valuable investment in your cybersecurity strategy.